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Rosa Parks

Mother of the Civil Rights Movement

Effects of the Incident
Brief Biography
The Day On The Bus
Effects of the Incident
Awards and Formal Recognitions
They Took A Stand Too...
Rosa's Legacy


“If Rosa Parks had not refused to move to the back of the bus, you and I might never have heard of Dr. Martin Luther King.”


                                      -Ramsey Clark

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To the left is a picture which epitomizes the Montgomery  Bus Boycott that lasted from December 5th, 1955 to December 21, 1956, or a little over a year. Through all conditions and extremes, the boycotters continued to hold strong and persist in their fight for freedom.



The effects of Rosa Parks' actions were many, large, and widespread. The immediate repercussions of her actions were exemplified through her arrest and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. These almost instantaneous results were the roots of the Civil Rights Movement due to the fact that they directed further efforts to eliminate segregation throughout Alabama, the South, and The United States. In fact, the Montgomery Bus Boycott led to the Tallahassee Bus Boycott which lasted from May 27, 1956 to March of 1958. Her actions had a deleterious effect upon Rosa and her husband. For example, she lost her job as a seamstress, and the couple was harassed and threatened. However, Rosa would not capitulate on this issue. Because those involved in the Montgomery Bus Boycott continued to hold strong, and refused to ride the buses, on December 21, 1956, the transportation system finally surrendered and made the city's buses racially equal.


The Ku Klux Klan was a group that supported white supremacy and used violent tactics toward blacks and opposing political parties. 

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Though the Ku Klux Klan still survives today, they are considered an extreme hate group. Although their activities are illegal and would attract large amounts of negative media, political, and religious attention, there are still small units or this group, but much lessened.
Lynching is considered an illegal execution, mostly for the purposes of enforcing social dominance.
Klu Klux Klan

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Today, lynching is almost completely unheard of due to the efforts of civil rights activists like Rosa Parks.
Jim Crow Laws separated colored people in public settings, prohibited blacks from all but humble and degrading jobs, and also created major economic hardship in the South.
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After the Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1875, Jim Crow Laws were no longer legal. Today, there is no segregation in public areas.

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The black people of Montgomery, Alabama embraced the Bus Boycott and left the city's buses almost completely empty. Because the black people made up the majority of the bus's profit, their actions hurt the transportation business greatly. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was one of many that led to racial justice and equality across the United States.

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The organization and bravery of the boycotters attracted media attention in Montgomery, Alabama and eventually throughout the world through the contagious persistence of the protests.