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Rosa Parks

Mother of the Civil Rights Movement

The Day On The Bus

Brief Biography
The Day On The Bus
Effects of the Incident
Awards and Formal Recognitions
They Took A Stand Too...
Rosa's Legacy

Courtesy of: achievers/par0-019

"One could say that Mrs. Parks' refusal to surrender her seat ... created an ever widening ripple of change throughout the world,"
                        -Civil Rights Attorney Fred Gray

     On a cool day in Montgomery Alabama on December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks decided that she was done being treated like a second class citizen. That day, when she was asked to vacate her seat on the bus for a white man, she made the fury filled decision to take a stand.

     She was seated in the front of the black section of the bus. Throughout the stops, the bus slowly accumulated additional passengers. She was asked to abandon her seat so a standing white man could occupy it. When she refused, the bus driver, James Blake warned Rosa, "If you don't stand up, I'm going to have to call the police and have you arrested." Rosa calmly replied, "You may do that."

     Some say that Parks was physically tired however, she said, "The only tired I was, was tired of giving in."  Although Rosa's actions were not premeditated, she knew that they would have a magnanimous effect upon the black community, especially its transportation systems.


Courtesy of: lessons/rosa-parks/

Displayed above is the original fingerprint card of Rosa Parks from the day she was arrested.

Courtesy of: lessons/rosa-parks/

Above is a diagram displaying the seating arrangement on the bus Rosa Parks used as a key tool on her journey to racial justice. The top right of the diagram is the entrance of the bus. African American riders had to pay their toll at the front entrance and then enter through the back.